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Demonstrative Pronouns and Interrogative Pronouns

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The Demonstrative Pronouns
The words this, that, these, and those are used to refer to a thing or things. They point or demonstrate which object is meant (or which objects are meant) that's why they are called Demonstrative Pronouns. They always refer to a definite person or thing, but the words they refer to is stated later, as shown in the following examples:
This is the dress that I bought in SM Shopping Center. There are some mangoes on her table. Those were given by his handsome neighbor.
Now this is a bit tricky. The words this, that, these, and those may also function as adjectives, as shown in the following examples:
This pen, that apple, these pens, those apples
As a rule, a word that refers to a noun is an adjective; therefore, the words this, that, those, and those are adjectives when they are followed by a noun.
The Interrogative Pronouns
We use the words who, whose, whom, which, and what when we askask questions. When used in this way, they are interrog…

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NOUN- Basic Explanation (名詞の基本的な説明)