Pronouns- Basic Explanations

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I’m sure you will get irritated while reading this very short paragraph.

Mr. Yamamoto is a business person. Mr. Yamamoto often travels from Japan to other countries in Asia. Mr. Yamamoto meets many business people from many different countries. Mr.  Yamamoto likes his job. Mr. Yamamoto can travel and do business at the same time.

I’m right. You got irritated, right? Why? It’s because I used Mr. Yamamoto five times, and it’s irritating to read the same name again and again. It just feels awkward. This is the reason why we need Pronouns. Pronouns are Noun substitutes. Now, let’s read the same paragraph, substituting Mr. Yamamoto with the pronoun He.

Mr. Yamamoto is a business person. He often travels from Japan to other countries in Asia. He meets many business people from many different countries. He likes his job. He can travel and do business at the same time.

Now, that's definitely better.

See? Pronouns are also very important. Let me, therefore,  present Pronoun in its many forms.

There are six kinds of pronouns, and these are:

1. Personal Pronouns
2. Compound Personal Pronouns
3. Indefinite Pronouns
4. Demonstrative Pronouns
5. Interrogative Pronouns
6. Relative Pronouns

First, we will discuss Personal Pronouns. Personal Pronouns are the pronouns that we use to substite a person's name. By using  Personal Pronouns, we don't need to repeat and repeat the names of the people we are talking about.


First, let's first establish the numbers of Personal Pronouns.  

Singular- only one person
Plural- two or more people 
PERSONAL PRONOUNS SINGULAR


NOMINATIVE
POSSESSIVE
OBJECTIVE
FIRST PERSON
I
My, mine
Me
SECOND PERSON
You
Your, yours
You
THIRD PERSON
He, she, it
His, her, hers, its
Him, her, it

Note: 
First Person-     The person speaking
Second Person- The person spoken to
Third Person-   The person spoken about

PERSONAL PRONOUNS PLURAL


NOMINATIVE
POSSESSIVE
OBJECTIVE
FIRST PERSON
We
Our, ours
Us
SECOND PERSON
You
You, yours
You
THIRD PERSON
They
Their, theirs
Them


The Nominative Case is always followed by a verb. The verv may be Action Verbs or Be-Verbs.
Examples:

Action Verbs
I paint pictures of sunsets.
She drives to work every day.
He works at the bank.
We go to Boracay every summer.
You know the song lyrics.
They want some bread.

Be-Verbs
I am sleepy now.
We are going to the lake.
You were crying the other day.

The Possessive Case is always followed by a Noun. Examples:


NOMINATIVE
POSSESSIVE
OBJECTIVE
FIRST PERSON
I
My, mine
Me
SECOND PERSON
You
Your, yours
You
THIRD PERSON
He, she, it
His, her, hers, its
Him, her, it

My cat likes sleeping under my bed.
Your hair is oily.
His girlfriend is a runway model.
Her boyfriend owns a house in Hawaii.
My cat is so cute. Its tail is short and furry.


NOMINATIVE
POSSESSIVE
OBJECTIVE
FIRST PERSON
We
Our, ours
Us
SECOND PERSON
You
You, yours
You
THIRD PERSON
They
Their, theirs
Them

Our house is near the park.
Your car looks expensive.
Their homework is due on Monday.

The Objective Case


NOMINATIVE
POSSESSIVE
OBJECTIVE
FIRST PERSON
I
My, mine
Me
SECOND PERSON
You
Your, yours
You
THIRD PERSON
He, she, it
His, her, hers, its
Him, her, it

The Objective Case is preceeded by either a Verb or a Preposition.
Examples:
Give me your hat.
I want to tell you that I am leaving soon.
Show him your new hairstyle.
Send her a direct message; tell her we are now waiting for her at the lobby.
This cat eats a lot. I give it food 6 times a day. 

Please pass the soup to me.
I heard their conversation. They were talking about you.
I  bought this pizza for him.
I will go to the mall with her tomorrow.
My cat loves catching small balls. I will throw little ball to it.

NOTE: It is also okay to use either him or her to refer to an animal, depending on its gender. Example. My cat, Missy, loves playing with small balls. I always buy small pink balls for her.

The Possessive Pronoun falls under the Personal Pronoun Classification. It is called as such because it shows possession or ownership.

The words mine, ours, theirs, yours, hers, his, its, are always used as Pronouns. The words my, your, her, his, their are modifiers before a Noun.

Examples:
1. This pretty pink dress is mine. (Pronoun)
2. That is my dress. (modifier before a noun)
3. That ugly car is theirs. (Pronoun)
4. That is their ugly car. (modifier before a noun)


Note:

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