The Present Simple- Detailed Explanations

 

Picture by: Freepik 

We already know that we use the base form/original form of a verb when we use the Present Simple. But, when exactly do we use the Present Simple Form?

 We use the Present Simple Form when we talk about things that happen generally.

Example:

*Americans love football and Canadians love winter sports.

In the example sentence above, we are talking about the Americans in general. Of course, there are many Americans who don’t like football at all, and there are many Canadians who do not enjoy playing winter sports. We are talking about the Americans and the Canadians as a whole, as a nation, as a group or race of people. The action is not necessarily happening at the time of speaking.

We use the Present Simple when we talk about things that we always/often do.

Examples:

I usually wake up at 5:00 in the morning.

I exercise in front of my house every morning and every evening.

My dog always barks at my neighbor’s dog.

How do we form the negative of Present Simple?

Just add NOT, either as one word or its contracted form.

Examples:

I don’t usually wake up at 5:00 in the morning.

I don’t exercise in front of my house in the morning. I exercise at the garage instead.

My dog doesn’t bark at other dogs.

 

Of course, if the subject is singular (only one), we add an –s to the verb.

Example:

My dog barks at other dogs.

If the subject is plural (2 or more), we must NOT add an –s.

Example:

My dogs don’t bark at other dogs.

 

How do we construct a Present Simple question?

We use Do or Does, depending on whether the subject is plural or singular.

 Look at the following examples:

A: Do Americans love football?

B: Yes, Americans love football.

 

A: Do children like to get up very early in the morning?

B: No, children do not like to get up very early in the morning.

 

A: Does your little niece like vegetables?

B:  Yes, my little niece likes vegetables.

OR: No, my little niece doesn’t like vegetables.

 

You can also answer the short way.

A: Does your little niece like vegetables?

B: Yes, she does.

OR No, she doesn’t.

 

JAPANESE TRANSLATION

By: Google Translate

 

現在詳細説明

現在形使用するときは、動詞基本形/使用することはすでにっています。しかし、正確現在形使用するのはいつですか?

一般的こることについてすときは、現在形使用します。

Americans love football and Canadians love winter sports.

上記例文では、一般的にアメリカについてしています。もちろん、サッカがまったくきではないアメリカもいれば、ウィンタスポツをしんでいないカナダもたくさんいます。たちは、アメリカとカナダ人全体について、として、グルプまたは人種としてしている。アクションは、すときにずしもこっているわけではありません。

 

たちがいつも/頻繁うことについてすときは、現在形使用します。

I usually wake up at 5:00 in the morning.

I exercise in front of my house every morning and every evening.

My dog always barks at my neighbor’s dog.

 

How do we form the negative of Present Simple?

Just add NOT, either as one word or its contracted form.

現在形のネガをどのように形成しますか?

1つの単語またはその短縮形としてNOT追加するだけです。

 

I don’t usually wake up at 5:00 in the morning.

I don’t exercise in front of my house in the morning. I exercise at the garage instead.

My dog doesn’t bark at other dogs.

 

もちろん、主語単数1つのみ)の場合は、動詞s追加します。

My dog barks at other dogs.

If the subject is plural (2 or more), we must NOT add an –s.

My dogs don’t bark at other dogs.

 

現在形質問をどのように作成しますか?

 

主題数形であるか単数形であるかにじて、DoまたはDoes使用します。

 

Look at the following examples:

A: Do Americans love football?

B: Yes, Americans love football.

 

A: Do children like to get up very early in the morning?

B: No, children do not like to get up very early in the morning.

 

A: Does your little niece like vegetables?

B:  Yes, my little niece likes vegetables.

OR: No, my little niece doesn’t like vegetables.

 

You can also answer the short way.

A: Does your little niece like vegetables?

B: Yes, she does.

OR No, she doesn’t.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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