The Past Perfect Continuous

 

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Some ESL students struggle with Past Perfect Continuous sentences. In this blog post, let's talk about this sentence tense in the simplest way. 

Again, this is a bit complicated, but let me explain it in the simplest way.

Let’s imagine that you are talking to your friend NOW.

You: Hello Jack, why are you panting? Why are you sweating a lot?

Jack: Oh, I have been jogging.

 

The following day, you talk to your neighbour/friend (or anybody) about Jack.

You: Yesterday, I met Jack near the park. He was panting. He was sweating a lot. He had been jogging.

Friend: Jack really loves jogging.

This is the Past Perfect Continuous. We use this sentence when we talk about a situation that had just happened.

 Another example:

Let’s imagine that you are with your friend Amy NOW.

 You: Why are your eyes swollen and red?

Amy:  I have been crying.


 The following day, you talk to your sister about your friend.

 You: Yesterday, I went to Amy’s house. Her eyes were red and swollen. She had been crying.

Sister:  Why? What was wrong?

 

And…here is another example.

 Let’s imagine that you have an appointment with your friend Sally. You are waiting for her. She is late.  After 10 minutes, Sally arrives.

 You: You’re late! I’ve been waiting for you for ten minutes!

Sally: I’m sorry for being late. My car broke down in the middle of the road.

 

The next day, you tell Jack about Sally.

 You: Sally was late for our appointment yesterday. I had been waiting for 10 minutes when she arrived.

 Jack: I’m not surprised. Sally is always late for appointments.

 

Japanese Translation by Google Translate

しますが、これはですが、方法説明しましょう。

あなたがあなたの友人していると想像してみましょう。

You: Hello Jack, why are you panting? Why are you sweating a lot?

Jack: Oh, I have been jogging.

 翌日、あなたはジャックについて隣人(またはか)とします。

 You: Yesterday, I met Jack near the park. He was panting. He was sweating a lot. He had been jogging.

Friend: Jack really loves jogging.

 

これは過去完了形です。このは、こったばかりの状況についてすときに使用します。

 

もうつの

あなたが今友達のエイミにいると想像してみましょう。

You: Why are your eyes swollen and red?

Amy:  I have been crying.

 

翌日、あなたはあなたのにあなたの友人についてします。

 

You: Yesterday, I went to Amy’s house. Her eyes were red and swollen. She had been crying.

Sister:  Why? What was wrong?

 

そして…ここにがあります。

 

友達のサリとの約束があると想像してみましょう。あなたは彼女っています。彼女遅刻だ。 10分後、サリ到着します。

 

You: You’re late! I’ve been waiting for you for ten minutes!

Sally: I’m sorry for being late. My car broke down in the middle of the road.

 

翌日、あなたはジャックにサリについてします。

 

You: Sally was late for our appointment yesterday. I had been waiting for 10 minutes when she arrived.

Jack: I’m not surprised. Sally is always late for appointments.

 

 

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