Adjectives And More Adjectives!
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This is another grammar point that students of English as a Second Language (ESL) have to know by heart.
While it is true that the Noun (Subject) and the Verb are very important in constructing a sentence, we also need other words to make our sentences clearer and more specific. These are called modifiers. There are two modifiers, the Adjective and the Adverb. This blog post discusses the modifier Adjective in a very simplified way.
An Adjective is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun.
Adjectives are used to tell which one, what kind, how many, or how much about nouns and pronouns.
Which one: this, that, these, those
this hat, that house, these books, those flowers
What kind: large, dull, sweet, beautiful
large house, dull movie, sweet mango, beautiful lady
How many: some, all, several, six, seven
some children, all students, several flowers, six mangoes, seven dwarfs
How much: little, plentiful, much
little money, plentiful harvest, much time
Whose: my, your, our, his, her, its
my car, your credit card, his mansion. her bag, its shape
All of those words are followed by a noun.
Some adjectives are also formed by using Proper Nouns. We call them Proper Adjectives. The Proper Adjectives are always capitalized.
Take a look at these examples:
Noun (Country) Adjective
Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir are very famous Canadian skate dancers.
I read about a book about the French revolution.
Does the adjective always have to be placed before a noun? Not always. Take a look at these examples.
Jane seems sleepy.
We were very tired.
The words sleepy and tired are both adjectives. They are separated from the Subject (the noun) by the linking verbs seems and were.