Showing posts from March, 2021

Verbs with Verb-ing, Gerunds (With Japanese translation)

  Photo credit: Freepik  There are some verbs that automatically go with the Verb-ing. There is a complicated rule about Gerunds, but for now, let’s not focus too much on the rule. Let’s just remember these words and practice the given examples. The best way to learn English as a second language is NOT to focus too much on the technicalities. A child learns a language by repeating the spoken words. A child does not dissect the sentence he/she hears from the adults; he/she just repeats them, and eventually, he/she understands what they mean. Here are some of the words that are automatically followed by a Verb-ing, alphabetically arranged. Admit The little boy admitted breaking the cookie jar. He further explained that it was an accident. Avoid I avoid traveling in summer. There are a lot of local and foreign tourists everywhere in summer and for me, this is inconvenient. Consider Have you ever considered coloring your hair blue? Delay His mother delayed sending the


  Photo credit: Freepik  This is another important lesson in English grammar. Students of English as a Second Language (ESL) often ask questions about modals. We use SHOULD when we want to express something which we think is the right thing to do. We use this modal when we want to give advice or express our opinion. Take a look at the following examples: You look sleepy. You should go to bed now. (I think that going to bed is the right thing for you to do.) You are gaining weight. You should exercise more often. (I think that in order to be healthy, exercising more often is the right thing for you to do.)   Should is NOT the same as must. Take a look at the following examples: 1.    You should study hard. (I think that studying hard is the right thing to do.) 2.    You must study hard. (There is no option given; you have no other choice, you must study hard even though or even if you don’t like it.)     Japanese Translation by: Google Translate これは 英文法 のもう 一 つの 重要

Must and Have to

  Photo credit: Freepik MUST Again, some ESL students find modals a bit confusing. The most confusing of all, according to them, is the modal MUST . The modal MUST can be used in multiple ways. First, we use MUST when we want to say that it is absolutely necessary to do something. This is the same as HAVE TO .   Please note the following examples: I must submit my homework tomorrow. (In this situation, it is really, really necessary to submit your homework. If you don’t submit your homework, your teacher will be upset, and you will get a very low grade. ) Jack has diabetes. He must exercise and he must stop eating too much sugar. In the examples given above, the modal MUST can be substituted by HAVE TO . Examples: I have to submit my homework tomorrow. = I must submit my homework tomorrow. He must exercise.= He has to exercise. He must stop eating too much sugar.= He has to stop eating too much sugar. Second , we use MUST when we express a guess, but

Too and So + Adjective

  Photo credit: Freepik  Many ESL students (and other speakers of English as a second language, not necessarily students) often get confused with So and Too . These two intensifiers are NOT interchangeable; they don’t mean the same. So means very . That’s it. Examples: She is so smart. (She is very smart.) Wow. This pumpkin is so big. It’s my first time to see a pumpkin this big. (This pumpkin is very big.) Too , on the other hand, expresses a negative meaning. We use Too when we want to say that something or someone (the Subject of the sentence) does NOT meet a required standard.   Examples: This dress is too long for me. It doesn’t look good on me. I need a shorter one. These shoes are too small. My feet hurt. No, she should not get a job. She’s too young to get a job. I don’t understand Math. It’s too difficult for me. This soup is too salty! (The soup is saltier than necessary; the chef put too much salt.)   Japanese Translation By: Google Translat