The Present Perfect Part 2


 


We also use the Present Perfect when we talk about our experience, a thing that started in the past and it is still going on until now. This English grammar rule is quite confusing for some ESL students. 

 Compare the following examples:

 1.     My grandfather was a famous novelist. He wrote more than 500 novels.

 My grandfather died 20 years ago. He is not writing novels anymore, but he wrote more than 500 novels when he was still alive. This sentence is Past Simple sentence. But why do we have to use the Present Simple for this situation? Obviously, my grandfather can’t write novels anymore. He’s dead.

 2.     Jack is a famous novelist. He has written 100 novels.

 We have to use the be-verb IS because Jack is still with us; he isn’t dead. He has written 100 novels up to this point in time, and he will write novels more. This is the reason why we use Present Perfect to describe this situation.

 Japanese Translation by: Google Translate

 また、過去まり、現在いている経験についてすときは、現在完了形使用します。

 比較してください。

 1.     My grandfather was a famous novelist. He wrote more than 500 novels.

 祖父20年前くなりました。はもういていませんが、がまだきていたときに500以上きました。この過去形です。しかし、なぜこの状況現在形使用する必要があるのでしょうか。らかに、祖父はもうくことができません。にました。

 2.     Jack is a famous novelist. He has written 100 novels.

 ジャックはまだたちとにいるので、動詞IS使用する必要があります。んでいません。はこれまでに100きましたが、今後さらにきます。これが、この状況説明するために現在完了形使用する理由です。

 

 

 

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