The Active and The Passive Sentence-Basic Examples

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The Active and The Passive Sentence-Basic Examples

A lot of ESL students get confused with Active and Passive Sentences, so in this post, I am going to discuss the difference between the two, using simple sentences as our examples. We will use the more advanced and TOEIC-level sentences in my next post.

 In the Active Voice, our focus is what the Subject does. In the Passive Voice, our focus is what happens to the Subject.

 

Simple Examples:

John cleans the room every day.

John-Subject (The doer/performer of the action)

Cleans- Verb (What does the subject do?)

The room- This is the object of the verb, this is the receiver of the action.

Every day- This is an adverb, we will not focus on this for  now. Let’s focus on the structure of the sentences first.

Note: In a Passive Sentence, we don’t have to repeat “by someone” again and again . It’s understood, it’s implied that somebody did it. We are just interested in what happens to the subject, or the topic, of the sentence. We will discuss this more in my next post.

 Here are the examples of Active and Passive Sentences. They are presented in different tenses.

Present Simple:

Active: John cleans the room every day

Passive: The room is cleaned by John every day.

Negative:

Active: John doesn’t clean the room every day.

Passive: The room isn’t cleaned every day.

Present Continuous:

Active: John is cleaning the room. (now)

Passive: The room is being cleaned by John. (now)

Negative:

Active: John isn’t cleaning the room.

Passive: The room isn’t being cleaned.


Past Tense

Active: John cleaned the room. (yesterday, last night, etc.)

Passive: The room was cleaned by John.

 

Negative:

Active: John did not clean the room.

Passive: The room wasn’t cleaned.

 

Future:

Active: John will clean the room.

Passive: The room will be cleaned by John.


Negative:

Active: John will not clean the room.

Passive: The room will not be cleaned.

 

Active: John is going to clean the room.

Passive: The room is going to be cleaned.

 

Negative:

Active: John isn’t going to clean the room.

Passive: The room isn’t going to be cleaned.


The Modals:

Active: John should clean the room.

Passive: The room should be cleaned.

Negative:

Active: John must not clean the room.

Passive: The room must not be cleaned.

There are a lot of other modals, but we construct the Active and  the Passive in the same pattern.

In my next post, I am going to use more advanced sentences and of course, we will also discuss some TOEIC-level sentences.


Japanese Translation (By: Google Translate) 

アクティブおよびパッシブセンテンス-基本的な例

多くのESLの学生はアクティブセンテンスとパッシブセンテンスと混同しているので、この投稿では、簡単なセンテンスを例として、2つの違いについて説明します。次の投稿では、より高度なTOEICレベルの文章を使用します。

 能動態では、私たちの焦点は被験者が行うことです。受動態では、私たちの焦点は主語に何が起こるかです。

簡単な例:

John cleans the room every day.

John-Subject =アクションの実行者/実行者

Cleans- Verb= 主題は何をしますか?

The room- これは動詞の目的語であり、これはアクションの受信者です。

毎日-これは副詞です。今のところこれに焦点を当てません。まず、文の構造に焦点を当てましょう。

注:受動態では、「誰かによって」何度も繰り返す必要はありません。理解されています、誰かがそれをしたことを意味します。文の主題または話題に何が起こるかに関心があります。これについては、次の投稿で詳しく説明します。

Present Simple:

Active: John cleans the room every day

Passive: The room is cleaned by John every day.

Negative:

Active: John doesn’t clean the room every day.

Passive: The room isn’t cleaned every day.

Present Continuous:

Active: John is cleaning the room. (now)

Passive: The room is being cleaned by John. (now)

Negative:

Active: John isn’t cleaning the room.

Passive: The room isn’t being cleaned.


Past Tense

Active: John cleaned the room. (yesterday, last night, etc.)

Passive: The room was cleaned by John.

 

Negative:

Active: John did not clean the room.

Passive: The room wasn’t cleaned.

 

Future:

Active: John will clean the room.

Passive: The room will be cleaned by John.


Negative:

Active: John will not clean the room.

Passive: The room will not be cleaned.

 

Active: John is going to clean the room.

Passive: The room is going to be cleaned.

 

Negative:

Active: John isn’t going to clean the room.

Passive: The room isn’t going to be cleaned.


The Modals:

Active: John should clean the room.

Passive: The room should be cleaned.

Negative:

Active: John must not clean the room.

Passive: The room must not be cleaned.

他にも多くのモーダルがありますが、アクティブとパッシブを同じパターンで構築します。

次の投稿では、より高度な文章を使用します。もちろん、TOEICレベルの文章についても説明します。

また、私のウェブサイトをチェックしてください!私はオンラインで英語を教えています!無料のデモレッスンについては、私に連絡してください。 ^ _ ^

http://ace-up.net/


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