There, It--What's The Difference?

 

There, It

Both of these words are used to start a sentence, but there is, of course, a big difference between them. Again, this quite confuses students of English as a Second Language (ESL). 

We use There when we talk about something for the very first time, to establish its existence.

Examples:

There’s an insect in the room! It’s crawling on the wall!

There’s an insect in the room= We show that an insect is present in the room.


It’s crawling! -The It in the sentence means the insect.

There’s a new restaurant near our house. It’s really good.

The It in the sentence above means the restaurant. 

Of course, we can use There and It with plural nouns.

Examples:

There are many restaurants near my house. They are really good.

They= the restaurants

 

There are many insects in the room. They are crawling on the walls and on the floor.

They= the insects

Note: Never start a sentence with a pronoun without first introducing your subject. This is a common mistake of many ESL students. 

Its’ very usual for them to say, “She is absent today.” Who is she?

“He borrowed my pen.” Who is he?

The pronoun is a substitute for a noun. First state the noun. Next, use the pronoun to refer to it because it’s cumbersome to say the noun again and again.

 Japanese Translation by Google Translate

 

There, It

 これらの語は方とも文を始めるために使用されますが、もちろん、それらの間には大きな違いがあります。

初めて何かについて話すとき、その存在を確立するためにそこを使用します。

 例:

There’s an insect in the room! It’s crawling on the wall!

There’s an insect in the room= We show that an insect is present in the room.

 文中のそれは昆虫を意味します。

There’s a new restaurant near our house. It’s really good.

文中のそれはレストランを意味します。

 もちろん、複名詞でそことそれを使用することもできます。

 例:

There are many restaurants near my house. They are really good.

They= the restaurants

彼ら=レストラン

 There are many insects in the room. They are crawling on the walls and on the floor.

They= the insects

彼ら=昆虫

 注:最初に主語を紹介せずに、代名詞で文を始めないでください。これは多くのESL生によくある間違いです。彼らが言うのはごく普通のことです

“She is absent today.”  彼女は誰ですか?

“He borrowed my pen.”  彼は誰?

 

代名詞は名詞の代わりになります。最初に名詞を述べます。次に、代名詞を何度も言うのは面倒なので、代名詞を使ってそれを照します。

 

英文法にするこのブログ投稿をんでいただき、ありがとうございます。オンラインで一に勉したい場合は、私に連絡してください!良い1日を! ^^

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