Phrasal Verbs Part 1

 




Phrasal verbs are phrases that contain a verb and another part of speech. The second or third word can either be an adverb or a preposition. The phrasal verb is composed of two or more words but it functions as one verb.

Let’s take a look at the following examples. Of course, there are a lot of phrasal verbs, but first, I will discuss the most common phrasal verbs.

Break down

Meaning 1: The engine/machine stopped working.

I was late for work this morning. My car broke down in the middle of the road.

 

Meaning 2: to cry almost uncontrollably

She broke down when she heard the news that her hamster had died.

Drive off- to be inside a car and leave

She was so angry. She got into her car, slammed the door, and drove off.

Get by- to manage, to survive

I don’t have much money now, but I can get by until the next salary day.

Get on- to get inside/go inside a bus, a plane, or a train

Look! There are many passengers on the train. It’s impossible to get on. Let’s take a taxi instead.

Keep up with- to move or continue with the same speed as another person

I can’t keep up with you. Could you please walk slowly?

Look forward to- to wait for something, like an event, with great excitement

I am looking forward to the holidays.

Look out- Be careful! (This is more of warning.)

Don’t cross the road now! There’s a car coming! Look out! 

Take off

Meaning Number 1 = to leave the ground, to go above the ground

There was a storm. Of course, I was nervous when the plane took off.

Meaning Number 2-to remove the clothes/footwear from the body

Take off your boots before you enter the house. (Or: Take your boots off.)

You’re sweaty. Take off your shirt and take a shower.(Or: Take your shirt off.)

Turn around

I called his his name and he turned around.


Sometimes, a phrasal verb is composed of three words. Look at the following examples.

Look up at= to turn your focus to something above

When I was a little girl, I would always run outdoors whenever I’d hear the sound of a plane flying by. I would look up at the plane as it flew above me.

Run away from

When you encounter a bear in the wild, don’t run away from it. It will only make the bear more aggressive. Just stand still, hold your breath. The bear will think that you are dead and it will go away on its own.

 

JAPANESE TRANSLATION

句動詞パ1

句動詞は、動詞と別の品詞を含む句です。 2番目または3番目の語は、副詞または前置詞のいずれかです。句動詞は2つ以上の語で構成されていますが、1つの動詞として機能します。

次の例を見てみましょう。もちろん、句動詞はたくさんありますが、まず、最も一般的な句動詞について明します。

 Break down

意味1:エンジン/マシンが動作を停止しました。

I was late for work this morning. My car broke down in the middle of the road.

 意味2:ほとんど手に負えないほど泣く

She broke down when she heard the news that her hamster had died.

Drive off- 車の中にいて去る

She was so angry. She got into her car, slammed the door, and drove off.

Get by- 管理する、生き

I don’t have much money now, but I can get by until the next salary day.

Get on- バス、飛行機、電車の中に入ったり入ったりする

Look! There are many passengers on the train. It’s impossible to get on. Let’s take a taxi instead.

Keep up with- 他の人と同じ速度で移動または行する

I can’t keep up with you. Could you please walk slowly?

Look forward to- イベントのような何かを大いに興奮して待つ

I am looking forward to the holidays.

Look out- をつけて! (これはもっと警告です。)

Don’t cross the road now! There’s a car coming! Look out! 


Take off

Meaning Number 1 =地面を離れる、地面の上に行く

There was a storm. Of course, I was nervous when the plane took off.

Meaning Number 2-衣服/履物を体から取り除く

Take off your boots before you enter the house. (Or: Take your boots off.)

You’re sweaty. Take off your shirt and take a shower. (Or: Take your shirt off.)

Turn around- 移動して反方向を向く

I called his name and he turned around.

 句動詞は3つの語で構成されている場合があります。次の例を見てください。

Look up at= あなたの焦点を上の何かに向けるために

When I was a little girl, I would always run outdoors whenever I’d hear the sound of a plane flying by. I would look up at the plane as it flew above me.

Run away from

When you encounter a bear in the wild, don’t run away from it. It will only make the bear more aggressive. Just stand still, hold your breath. The bear will think that you are dead and it will go away on its own.

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