Adverbs in Comparison

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This is another short but informative lesson for students of English as a Second Language, or ESL.

Adverbs are also used in comparison, of course, because they are also modifiers. The Comparative and Superlative are formed as follows:

1.     If the adverb is only one syllable, just add -er.

The sun shone brighter than it did yesterday.

The exam took longer than usual.


2.     Most adverbs ending in -ly form the comparative with more.

Take a look at the following examples:

The second meeting of the cabinet members ended more fruitfully.

The first time I made mushroom soup, I made a mistake. I made some again last night and I followed the instructions more accurately. It was yummy!

The superlative form of the adverb is formed with -est or most. Adverbs that form the comparative with -er form the superlative with -est. And of course, if we use more for the comparative degree, automatically, we use most for the superlative degree.


COMPARATIVE                           SUPERLATIVE

brighter                                             brightest

longer                                                longest

more fruitfully                                   most fruitfully

more accurately                                 most accurately 


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